KINISIFORO TONIC FOOT
Say Goodbye To Drop Foot !
Signed by Onisiforo Hadjionisiforou
CEO of Kinisiforo ltd
Our innovative Kinisiforo Tonic foot device is designed for people that suffer from drop foot in order to assist the ankle dorsiflexion to walk more easily and at the same time stabilize the heel in case of abnormal eversion or eversion of the foot.
Allow me to speak more simple.
It can pull up the front of your shoes when you walk, effectively improving the symptoms of walking difficulties caused by foot drop. For example: poor walking gait, difficulty lifting the front of the foot, weak ankle dorsiflexion, tiptoe dragging or scraping on the ground while walking, high stride gait, easy to stumble and fall.
What is drop foot?
Foot drop, or drop foot, involves a difficulty in lifting the front part of the foot, which can causes challenges while walking. It’s a common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS), but it can also be caused by other neurological syndromes or physical damage to a nerve.People with this symptom tend to walk by lifting the knee, as though they were walking up stairs. Other muscle- and nerve-related symptoms of MS can compound the challenges presented by this condition.
There are many treatment options, ranging from braces to physical therapy to surgery. They may not completely restore a normal gait, but they can often reduce symptoms significantly and make walking easier.
Foot drop is typically caused by weakness in the muscles that are used to lift the front of the foot. It is associated with several different conditions, including:
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), commonly known as Lou Gehrig’s disease
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT), a neurological disorder
poliomyelitis, also known as polio
Foot drop can also be caused by injuries to the nerves that control the muscles that lift the foot. The affected nerves may be in the knee or in the lower spine.
Other causes include hip or knee replacement surgery and diabetes. Nerve damage in the eye, which can result in pain when moving the eye or even vision loss, can also cause difficulties with walking.
Other causes of foot drop include nerve compression or a herniated disc.
Drop foot and MS
Because MS disrupts communication between the brain and the body, nerve-related problems are common. Feelings of numbness or tingling in the extremities are often the earliest signs of MS.
Nervous system problems can develop into more serious complications. Foot drop is the result of a weakness in the tibialis anterior muscle, which is controlled by the deep peroneal nerve.
Foot drop-related walking problems can be made worse by other symptoms of MS.
Numbness in the feet can become so severe that someone with MS may have difficulty feeling the floor or knowing where their feet are in relation to the floor. This condition is called sensory ataxia. Ataxia is a muscle control problem that prevents the coordination of movement.
Many symptoms of MS can cause difficulties with walking. The general sense of fatigue that accompanies MS causes leg muscles to become tired, and tightness or spasms in the leg muscles can add to walking problems. Even without foot drop, walking can be a challenge for people with MS.
There are several early symptoms that may be associated with drop foot, including trips, falls, and changes in gait.
A few of the most common early signs of drop foot includeTrusted Source:
decreased muscle mass
frequent trips or falls
limpness of the foot
loss of sensation in the leg or foot
changes in gait, such as raising your leg higher or swinging your leg to the side when walking
Foot drop treatment depends primarily on the cause of the condition and the extent of the disability. Treating a herniated disc, for example, may eliminate foot drop. But spinal surgery may not solve the problem for people with MS.
A variety of orthotics, such as braces and splints, are available. Some are worn in the shoes, while others are worn around the ankle or near the knee.
One widely used device is the ankle foot orthosis (AFO). It helps keep the foot at a 90-degree angle to the lower leg to support it. While it can help improve your gait, it may require a larger shoe to accommodate the brace. An AFO may also become uncomfortable if worn for long periods of time.
Electrical stimulation while walking can also help reduce the symptoms of foot drop. This treatment is also known as functional electrical stimulation (FES). Small devices worn near the knee respond to the movement of the leg and send mild electrical stimuli to the muscle to help it move properly.
A 2021 studyTrusted Source showed that both AFO and FES treatment effectively improved gait for people with stroke-related drop foot.
Physical therapy may also help. A variety of exercises can strengthen the leg muscles and improve flexibility. Working with a physical therapist who has a knowledge of MS and foot drop can be especially helpful.
If orthotics or physical therapy don’t sufficiently manage the condition, there are several surgical solutions that may help, including:
Tendor transfer. This involvesTrusted Source transferring a tendon that usually goes to a different part of the foot and directing it instead to the top of the foot to replace the tibialis anterior.
Ankle fusion. This type of surgery fusesTrusted Source the foot and ankle to remove the burden from the surrounding muscles. However, this procedure reduces the flexibility of the ankle.
Nerve graft or transfer. This procedure is focused on repairing damaged nerves by replacingTrusted Source them with healthy nerves.
Peroneal nerve decompression. This surgery is used to treat peroneal nerve entrapment, a common cause of drop foot, by reducing pressure on the nerve.
Lumbar decompression. This type of procedure relieves pressure on the nerves of the lower back. It usually involves removing small sections of bones from the vertebrae or from discs in the spine.
All surgeries carry risks, so it’s important to reach out to your doctor about all your treatment options. If you’re going to have surgery, be sure to understand the risks, benefits, and long-term results of your choice.
Foot drop exercises
Many exercises for drop foot can help ease symptoms and help you regain mobility.
Assisted toe raises
Place your affected foot on top of the non-affected foot.
Use your non-affected foot to lift the other foot up and then lower it down slowly.
Repeat 10-15 times.
Ankle abduction and adduction
In a seated position, start by crossing your affected leg over your non-affected leg.
Place your hand on the toes and use your hand to slowly move the foot up and down, keeping your ankle perpendicular to the floor as you move.
Repeat 10 times.
Single leg stands
Hold onto the back of a chair and try standing on your affected leg for 10-15 seconds at a time.
Ankle eversion and inversion
Place your affected foot on the ground, slowly lift the outer edge of the foot up, and then lower it down.
Next, try lifting the inner edge of the foot and lowering it slowly.
Repeat each exercise 10 times.
In a seated position, cross your affected leg over your non-affected leg.
Use your hand to slowly dorsiflex your foot by moving the toes back towards the shin.
Repeat 10-15 times.
Signs of healing
The amount of time it takes to recover from drop foot can vary depending on the specific cause and the severity of injury to the associated nerves. Nerve injury may only take around 3 monthsTrusted Source to recover while neuron loss caused by MS may take up to 12 monthsTrusted Source. Some nerves may never fully heal, causing the issue to become permanent.
Potential signs of healing may include:
improvements in balance
increased strength or muscle mass
Drop foot is a symptom characterized by difficulty lifting the front part of the foot, which can lead to issues with mobility.
Fortunately, there are several treatment options, which may include a combination of orthotics, physical therapy, and surgical procedures.
However, it’s important to seek early treatment to improve the chances of recovery.